Just as it should, oil analysis gives rise to many other questions concerning maintenance practices. One that often tops the list is what to do when a lubricant doesn’t get a clean bill of health. More specifically, what must be done with the machine that contained a degraded or contaminated lubricant after the drain? Is a flush required? If the answer is yes, there are a few other questions that follow, such as:
To Flush or Not to Flush
While the broader, procedural subject of flushing goes well beyond the word-count limit of this column, let’s take a closer look at the fundamental question of when performing a flush is justified. When we understand the conditions that trigger the need for a flush, we are better equipped to answer the remaining questions on the list above.
From my experience, the items listed in Table 1 are the most common reasons a flush is justified.
Often the need to flush is first observed during an inspection or the appearance of sludge in a sight glass, on a used filter, or on the bottom of a sump. This can be confirmed by oil analysis and further inspection. Remediation involves both the removal of the sludge, varnishing or debris (flushing) plus the removal of the root cause before the system is returned to service with normal life expectancy. The flow chart in Figure 1 can help in deciding whether to perform a flush.
What are the risks associated with a flush? These vary considerably and depend on the flushing procedure, the machine, and the lubricating oil. If the flush procedure involves introducing foreign chemistry (solvents, detergents, etc.) into the oil or machine, this could impair the performance of the lubricant and attack seals and machine surfaces. Lab testing in advance can hedge the risks. In certain cases, flushing can also lead to leakage when deposits are removed around aged seals and gaskets. In addition, problems can also come from the disturbance and resuspension of settled, low-lying contaminants that are not fully carried out of the system during the flush. In general, there are risks any time a machine is invaded by human agency.